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Irish Tax - how, how much & why we pay!!

how is Irish Tax spent?
CloudAccounts - Chartered Accountant & Tax Adviser

Taxation is a system through which governments collect revenue from individuals, businesses, and other entities in order to fund public goods and services, such as infrastructure, education, healthcare, public safety, and social welfare programs.

If you are living and working in Ireland, you will most likely have to pay income tax. Income tax is a tax that is levied on the income of individuals, businesses, and other entities. In Ireland, income tax is collected by the Irish Revenue Commissioners, which is the tax collection agency of the Irish government.

The Irish income tax system is based on a self-assessment system, which means that taxpayers are responsible for calculating their own tax liability and submitting their tax returns to the Revenue Commissioners. The tax year in Ireland runs from January 1st to December 31st, and tax returns are due by October 31st of the following year. If you fail to file your tax return on time, you may be subject to penalties and interest charges.

How much tax will I pay?

The amount of income tax you will pay in Ireland depends on your income, your tax credits, and your tax reliefs. Tax credits are allowances that reduce the amount of tax you have to pay, while tax reliefs are deductions that reduce the amount of income that is subject to tax. There are many different types of tax credits and tax reliefs in Ireland, such as the personal tax credit, the PAYE tax credit, the home carer tax credit, the newly introduced rent tax credit, and tax relief on tuition fees, medical expenses and work from home expenses.

What are the Irish tax rates?

The rates of income tax in Ireland vary depending on your income. For 2023, the first €40,000 of your income is subject to income tax at a rate of 20%, while any income over that amount is taxed at a rate of 40%. Tax credits, including the Personal tax credit and the PAYE tax credit, will be deducted from your income tax liability (but do not get deducted from USC or PRSI).

In addition to income tax, you may also be subject to other taxes in Ireland, such as the Universal Social Charge (USC) and Pay Related Social Insurance (PRSI). The USC is a tax that is levied on your income, while the PRSI is a social insurance contribution that is deducted from your salary.

If you are self-employed in Ireland, you will have to pay income tax, USC and the self-employed rate of PRSI (4%). Self-employed individuals are required to file their tax returns by 31st October in the year following the year of assessment.

Income tax is a significant part of the Irish tax system, and if you are living and working in Ireland, you will most likely have to pay it. To ensure that you are paying the correct amount of tax, it is important to keep accurate records of your income and expenses and to seek the advice of a tax professional if you have any questions or concerns.

How does your tax benefit the community?

We pay taxes to support the functioning of the government, which provides a variety of services and infrastructure that benefit the community as a whole. This includes maintaining public roads, bridges, and transportation systems; funding public schools and universities; supporting healthcare services and research; ensuring public safety through law enforcement and emergency services; and providing assistance to those in need through social welfare programs.

Tax for Economic Growth

Taxes are also used to finance government programs that promote economic growth, such as investment in research and development, business subsidies, and infrastructure improvements. Additionally, taxes are used to fund national defense and international aid programs.

Taxation is a necessary component of a functioning government that provides services and support for the welfare of its citizens.


Chartered Accountant & Tax Adviser
Alan Purcell

Alan is a Chartered Accountant and Tax Adviser and the founder of CloudAccounts, a remote practice that provides support for business owners, PAYE workers and anyone who requires professional assistance with their tax and accounting matters.

Alan also offers consultations and corporate seminars, to offer businesses and their employees simple practical advice in easy-to-understand presentations, allowing employees to feel valued, supported and make the most of the company benefits. If you require further information please contact CloudAccounts today.

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